شوکت علی ناشاد کی وفات 3 جنوری

شوکت علی ناشاد 3 جنوری 1981ء کو پاکستان کے معروف فلمی موسیقار شوکت علی ناشاد لاہور میں وفات پاگئے اور سمن آباد کے قبرستان میں آسودۂ خاک ہوئے۔ شوکت علی ناشاد دہلی میں پیدا ہوئے تھے۔ ان کے فلمی کیریئر کا آغاز 1947ء میں بمبئی میں بننے والی فلم دلدار سے ہوا تھا۔ابتدا میں وہ شوکت دہلوی کے نام سے موسیقی ترتیب دیتے تھے۔ 1953ء میں نخشب جارچوی نے موسیقار نوشاد سے اختلافات کے باعث انہیں ناشاد کا فلمی نام دے کر ان سے اپنی فلم نغمہ کی موسیقی مرتب کروائی۔ شوکت علی ناشاد نے ہندوستان کی 30 فلموں کی موسیقی ترتیب دی۔ 1963ء میں وہ پاکستان آگئے جہاں انہیں مزید 60 فلموں کی موسیقی ترتیب دینے کا موقع ملا۔ ان کی مشہور پاکستانی فلموں میں مے خانہ، جلوہ، ہم دونوں، تم ملے پیار ملا، سالگرہ، سزا ، افسانہ، چاند سورج، رم جھم، بندگی، بہارو پھول برسائو ،ساجن رنگ رنگیلا، زینت اور شکوہ کے نام سرفہرست ہیں۔مشہور موسیقار واجد علی ناشاد ان کے فرزندتھے۔

Music director Nâshaad’s real name was Shaukat Ali. He started his career as a music director with the 1947 film ‘Dildaar’ in which his name appears as Shaukat Dehalvi. Over the next 5 years, he composed music for many films, under a variety of names, viz. Shaukat Ali, Shaukat Dehalvi, Shaukat Hussain, Shaukat Haidari, Shaukat Hussain Haidari etc. How his name came to e Nashaad is a very interesting tale. Historian Arun ji described this while commenting on the song “Badi Mushkil Se . . .”. The following is adapted from his comments

‘Naashaad was a reasonably good composer, who created many melodious songs. I remember 2 things about him. One is about his change of name. Nakshab Jarachavi was a successful lyricist, who also used to write film stories, dialogues and screen plays. When he wanted to produce ‘Naghmaa’ in 1953, he approached the reigning composer Naushad for his film. It is said that Naushad Saab’s response was, “I do not give music to any ‘aira gaira’s films”. Nakshab was stunned. He threw a challenge to Naushad that as a producer he will create another Naushad and show him his value. Nakshab then invited Shaukat Ali Dehalvi, assigned to him the responsibility to for composing music for ‘Naghma’. Nakshab then also suggested to Shaukat Ali, to change his name to NAASHAAD. From this film onwards, he used only the name Naashaad, till the end of his career.

The second thing is — once somebody asked him in an interview, why almost all of his compositions give a feeling of having heard this tune somewhere earlier. In other words, why does he do plagiarism? Naashaad said, “with only 7 main notes (sa re ga ma pa dha ni), only 6 Raagas, 36 Raaginis and 72 Sub Raginis, every ‘new’ composition is bound to sound familiar in some places.”


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